Number of Citations

AstroDB: 2022

  1. Gorce, J., Mittlefehldt, D., Simon, J., 2022,Localized equilibrium and mineralogic effects on trace element distribution and mobility in highly metamorphosed eucrite Elephant Moraine (EET) 90020, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2022.08.034
  2. Johnston, S., Brandon, A., McLeod, C. et al. ,2022, Nd isotope variation between the Earth–Moon system and enstatite chondrites. Nature, doi: 10.1038/s41586-022-05265-0
  3. Nicklas, R. W., Day, J. M. D., Gardner-Vandy, K. G., & Udry, A., 2022, Early silicic magmatism on a differentiated asteroid. Nature Geoscience, doi:10.1038/s41561-022-00996-1
  4. Zhang, B., Chabot, N., Rubin, A., 2022, Compositions of carbonaceous-type asteroidal cores in the early solar system, Science Advances, doi:10.1126/sciadv.abo5781
  5. Zhang, D., Su, B., Chen, Y., Yang, W., Mao, Q. Jia, L-H., 2022, Titanium in olivine reveals low-Ti origin of the Chang’E-5 lunar basalts, Lithos, doi:10.1016/j.lithos.2022.106639

AstroDB: 2021

  1. Brugman, K., Phillips, M., Till,. C., 2021, Experimental Determination of Mantle Solidi and Melt Compositions for Two Likely Rocky Exoplanet Compositions, JGR: Planets Special Issue Exoplanets: The Nexus of Astronomy and Geoscience, doi:10.1029/2020JE006731
  2. Vogt, M., Trieloff, M., Ott, U., Hopp, J., Schwarz, W., 2021, Solar noble gases in an iron meteorite indicate terrestrial mantle signatures derive from Earth’s core. Communications Earth & Environment, doi:10.1038/s43247-021-00162-2
  3. Norman, M., Jourdan, F., Hui, S., 2019, Impact History and Regolith Evolution on the Moon: Geochemistry and Ages of Glasses from the Apollo 16 Site, JGR Planets, doi:10.1029/2019JE006053
  4. Xue, Z., Welsh, D., Neal, C., Xioa, L., 2021, Understanding the textures of Apollo 11 high-Ti mare basalts: A quantitative petrographic approach, Meteoritics & Planetary Science, doi:10.1111/maps.13767


Our Team

Our team of domain scientists, geoinformaticians, data curators and software engineers share a passion for the management and stewardship of astromaterials data. With decades of combined experience in data acquisition, data management, database and software system design, and scientific analysis our team aspires to support new and innovative discoveries in planetary sciences. We work closely with our user communities to ensure that we continually optimize our tools and services to meet their needs. We also actively participate in the community of data stewards and cyberinfrastructure specialists to ensure that our systems meet evolving standards for interoperability and information sharing.

We encourage an open and responsive dialog with our community of stakeholders and always welcome feedback.



The Astromaterials Data System (AstroMat) is a data infrastructure to store, curate, and provide access to laboratory data acquired on samples curated in the Astromaterials Collection of the Johnson Space Center. AstroMat will contain data from past, present, and future studies. AstroMat is developed and operated at the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University by a team that has long-term experiences in the development and operation of data systems for geochemical, petrological, mineralogical, and geochronological laboratory data acquired on physical samples – EarthChem and PetDB.


AstroMat aims to facilitate discovery, access, publication, attribution, and preservation of laboratory data acquired on astromaterials samples. AstroMat will:

  • Preserve and facilitate the re-use of astromaterials sample data to maximize their utility and impact for the benefit of science, education, and society.
  • Facilitate integration of astromaterials sample data across the global science community.
  • Enable data attribution and support transparency and verification of research results.
  • Advance a culture of open data sharing in the planetary sciences.

Data Services

AstroMat’s services include:

  • Compilation and restoration of 40+ years of published data from the scientific literature into the AstroDB data synthesis.
  • Data Rescue of unpublished data from investigators and labs and inclusion in AstroDB.
  • Repository service for investigators to publish and archive data in Astromaterials Data Repository in compliance with policies of funding agencies and publishers.
  • Online software tools for searching, mining, retrieving, and visualizing the content of AstroDB.
  • Community outreach, engagement, and training.

Work Plan

The development of the Astromaterials Data System is ongoing over 5 years with different project components progressing in parallel in three development phases to successively develop and implement the various system components and incorporate data for all collections. For each development phase, we have identified major milestones for the different project components. The timing of deliverables accounts for the interdependence of system components.


(7/1/2019 to 6/30/2020)

  • Complete data restoration for the lunar collection.
  • Release versions of AstroMat system components that support data restoration for lunar samples and meteorites (AstroDB v1 & v2, AstroAPI v1, AstroAdmin v1).
  • Release AstroSearch v1 to provide access to data for lunar collection.
  • Create authentication system for user login and analysis of web logs.
  • Establish repository services for astromaterials (AstroRepo).
  • Set up AstroMat newsletter & mailing list, conduct workshop at LPSC 2019.

(7/1/2020 to 12/31/2022)

  • Complete data synthesis for the meteorite collection at LDEO and CIW (student program).
  • Release versions of AstroMat system components that support data restoration for Stardust & Genesis and for spectrographic data (AstroDB v3&4, AstroAPI v2&3, AstroAdmin v2-5.
  • Incrementally improve versions of AstroSearch and add AstroPlot functionality (v2, v3, v4).
  • Release of AstroVoc public GUI (Complete by May 31, 2020).
  • Release Astro. Desk v1 and v2 with Dashboard, AstroRepo submission, and stored queries.
  • Conduct usability tests, webinars, and workshops to engage community.

(1/1/2023 to 6/30/2024)

  • Complete data synthesis for all remaining collections (Microparticle Impact, Hayabusa, Cosmic Dust).
  • Release versions of AstroMat system components that support data restoration for all remaining collections data (AstroDB v5, AstroAPI v4 & v5).
  • Release AstroSearch v5 with sample maps of in-situ analyses linking to analytical data.
  • Release AstroDesk v3: Subscribe to notifications, improvements.
  • Conduct usability tests, webinars, and workshops to engage community.

Quarterly Progress Highlights


  • Special Study Draft Report on the Requirements for Archiving Astromaterials Samples Data submitted to NASA
  • 140 papers added to the meteorite and lunar sample data JSC collections in the AstroDB relational database
  • Held introductory meetings with ARES Cosmic Dust and Stardust curation teams


  • Proposed and started Special Study for the Astromaterials Data Archiving
  • Meeting with the OSIRIS-REx Sample Analysis group in Tucson, AZ
  • 120 papers added to the meteorite and lunar sample data JSC collections in the AstroDB relational database
  • Expanded community engagement and collaborations with conference presentations and increased social media outreach


  • 20 datasets received and published in the AstroMat Repository
  • 192 papers were added to the meteorite and lunar sample data collections in the AstroDB relational database
  • Expanded community engagement by presenting six talks and posters, hosting a virtual workshop, and increasing social media outreach


  • Highest number of datasets received per quarter so far: 35 datasets received and published in AstroRepo
  • 193 papers added to AstroDB relational database
  • Synchronization of updated AstroDB database with Elasticsearch index made an additional 684 papers publicly available via the AstroDB Search Application.


  • Data from 830 publications are available in AstroDB (237 ingested Y2Q4)
  • Upcoming launch of AstroSearch 2
  • UCLA data rescue and searchable database are being assembled
  • Improved AstroAdmin curator tools


  • Growing adoption of the Astromat Data Repository: Received 6 submissions from researchers
  • Refactored the CI/CD workflow scripts all Astromat software components
  • Added >180 new datasets to the meteorite & lunar samples data collection
  • Conducted Usability Tests with Early Career astromaterials researchers
  • Presentation about the Astromaterials Data System to the NASA Planetary Data Ecosystem Independent Review Board


  • The first submissions have been received and processed in the AstroMat Repository
  • Made progress with our application to CoreTrustSeal for certification of the AstroRepo
  • AstroDB software components are operational as version 1, and their improved and extended version 2 is in development
  • Initial mock-ups have been generated for AstroSearch version 2, including the new Search by Chemistry component in the Advanced Filter option
  • We made further improvements to our AWS cloud infrastructure


  • Implemented authentication via ORCID for Astromat repository
  • Developed and released Astromat repository search
  • Obtained approval to list Astromat repository in FAIRSharing directory
  • Generated schemas for citation, dataset, sample, and sample data for the AstroDB
  • Completed development of the schema to map AstroDB data and metadata to PDS4
  • Added meteorite data from 86 publications to AstroDB synthesis
  • Held webinar to show researchers how to submit data to the Astromat repository


  • Completed development of and released new AstroMat web site
  • Completed development of and released AstroSearch version 1
  • Completed development of and released AstroAdmin version 1
  • Completing development of AstroMat Repository, to be released July 2020
  • Continued development of AstroMat Index
  • Continued development of AstroPages


  • We held a virtual Town Hall webinar originally planned for LPSC 2020.
  • Created the initial mockups for the AstroSearch
  • Continued development of Astromat Repository
  • Completed the development of a module for configuring data entry schemas and workflows for different types of samples and analytical methods interface


  • AstroAdmin: Multiple modules of the AstroAdmin data entry tool have been completed and are now in testing, e.g. module to configure data entry schemas and workflows for different types of samples and analytical methods; module to enter sample metadata
  • AstroSearch: The design of the search interface for AstroDB has started and initial mockups will be presented at the LPSC 2020 Town Hall of the Astromaterials Data System
  • AstroVoc: A central vocabulary management system has been set up. TemaTres, an Open Source vocabulary management system, has been deployed in the new Docker EE environment
  • Three new staff members joined the Astromat team


  • Development of AstroAdmin Version 1.0: Completed modules for entry of citation, dataset metadata, analysis action, vocabularies
  • Development of AstroPage Version 1.0: Completed information pages that display metadata for citations and datasets
  • Configuration, deployment, and testing of the development environment for AstroDB, AstroRef, AstroPage, and AstroAPI in the Docker EE environment
  • Migration of MoonDB data to AstroDB (95% complete, Astromat data curators are currently testing the integrity of migrated content)
  • Development of AstroSearch Version 1.0: Initial design of user interface layout


  • Refinement the original MoonDB schema for AstroDB
  • Development of AstroRef. (Version 1.0) bibliographical catalog
  • Development of AstroAPI (Version 1.0)
  • Hosted Town Hall Transforming Access to Astromaterial Data: NASA’s Astromaterial Data System at the LPSC Meeting in Houston in March 2019
  • Presentation of MoonDB: 50 Years of Lunar Sample Data Ready for the Data Revolution at the LPSC Meeting in Houston in March 2019


  • Release of the Astromaterials Data System website
  • Release of Bibliography module of AstroDB